The article contains a suggestion for examining planned investments in terms of their profitability (an ex ante evaluation). Since for the average Swiss farm the remuneration of family labour is far more important than the remuneration of equity capital, interest is primarily focused on the change in either labour utilisation per hour or the actually realised hourly wage. This is determined in each case with a calculation before and after the investment, which requires a cost/ performance calculation on a full-cost basis in both cases. The approach is illustrated by means of an average commercial dairy farm that is converting its tied-housing system into loose housing, increasing its capacity by seven places to a total of 30 cow places in the process. Assuming full utilisation and a constant milk price, the investment enables an increase in labour utilisation of around CHF 4 per hour to be attained.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.