in ecological and landscape conservation programmes and the recompense of all production factors used on the farms is investigated using full-cost calculations. Accountancy data and an allocation of the overhead costs using keys based on the composition of a farm’s gross output constitute the underlying data of the study. The analytical value-added of the full-cost calculation undertaken proves to be limited in comparison to conventional profitability analyses. Nevertheless, it can be shown that the level of participation in the ‘low-intensity meadows’ and ‘grassland- based milk and meat production’ programmes has no clear-cut influence on the degree of full-cost coverage; rather, it is other factors such as the size or altitude of a farm that are crucial. Participation in these programmes leads neither to the creation of a distinct and high economic rent (compensation without a quid pro quo), nor to its opposite, i. e. a systematic economic disadvantage. Consequently, and from the perspective of sustainable policy design, no fundamental problems have been identified by the analyses conducted.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.