Incentive taxes on pesticides can contribute towards reducing the risk of negative external effects on the environment and human health in real terms. A meta analysis of the elasticity of demand for pesticides shows that the use of pesticides is price-sensitive. Experiences with existing tax systems in other European countries also show that it is possible to effectively reduce these risks at low transaction costs. Targeted pesticide tax systems, in which only very highrisk products are strongly taxed, can especially stimulate the move towards substituting less hazardous products and alternative pesticide strategies. Tax proceeds then flow back to farmers to minimise loss of income. If the reimbursement includes methods that further reduce the risk of pesticide use, this can create significant leveraging effects on the use of pesticides.
Grass-based beef production is markedly less productive than intensive year-round indoor-housing system-based production. Agroscope experts therefore studied how grass-based farms can produce both economically and in an ecologically sound manner.
Orchard crop spraying using unmanned aerial spraying systems commonly referred to as drones can lead to drift, posing a risk to residents and bystanders. The study shows that the risks arising from this are taken into account by the current registration process.
Trials conducted by FiBL have shown that conversion to organic farming also promotes endangered Red List species such as the carabid beetle species Amara tricuspidata. This species and other species consume seeds of forbs and grasses and thus supports natural weed control.