The Swiss agricultural and climate policy- making sector has set itself the target of reducing agricultural greenhouse gas emissions by at least one-third by 2050 compared to 1990’s figures. This target can be achieved via technical measures on the production side and/or by reorganising agricultural structures (area percentages, animal populations). Animal husbandry is responsible for approx. 85 % of agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. Accordingly, the potentials of reduction measures in the animal husbandry sector were investigated, based on the models and methods of the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Technical measures on the production side are characterised by fairly low reduction performances and/or by tradeoffs with other enviromental impacts, as well as by technical problems with implementation. The agricultural-sector target is therefore unlikely to be achievable with measures of this sort alone. By contrast, a reorganisation of agricultural structures accompanied by a shift to an increasingly plant-based diet harbours great potential, and presents itself as a promising approach.
Grass-based beef production is markedly less productive than intensive year-round indoor-housing system-based production. Agroscope experts therefore studied how grass-based farms can produce both economically and in an ecologically sound manner.
Orchard crop spraying using unmanned aerial spraying systems commonly referred to as drones can lead to drift, posing a risk to residents and bystanders. The study shows that the risks arising from this are taken into account by the current registration process.
Trials conducted by FiBL have shown that conversion to organic farming also promotes endangered Red List species such as the carabid beetle species Amara tricuspidata. This species and other species consume seeds of forbs and grasses and thus supports natural weed control.