The percentage of concentrates used in the ’dairy cattle and rearing’ enterprise or production branch of organic commercial dairies is estimated on the basis of accounting data. On average this comes to 5 %, with 45 % of farms feeding less than 5 % concentrates. There are very few farms that use no concentrates at all. The percentage of concentrates in feed increases with the size of the dairy herd, and in particular with milk yield. Organic farms in the lowland region use a significantly lower percentage of concentrates than farms in the upland and mountain regions. In terms of profitability, no differences were noted for any of the three regions – lowland, upland or mountain – between farms feeding a percentage of concentrate either greater or less than 5 %.
While botanical composition, growth cycle and phenological stage are integral factors, they are not the sole determinants of the quality of grass silages from intensively managed permanent meadows.
Food that is unsuitable for human consumption does not affect the growth performance or carcass composition of pigs to which it is fed. This makes it a promising solution for reducing food waste.
Horses are ridden or driven on a variety of surfaces, which differently absorb the impact forces exerted on hooves, limbs and the horse's entire body. Objective measurement of the functional properties of equestrian arena surfaces is therefore of great importance.