As part of a milk processor’s annual winter campaign for monitoring the contamination of raw milk with anaerobic spores harmful to cheese – also called butyric acid spores – the analysis methods currently used in Switzerland (MPN method according to CNERNA and filtration method according to Bourgeois) are compared with a new method (SY-LAB). To this end, 93 milk samples from silage-free and 217 samples from non-silage-free milk production were examined with all three methods. In the latter group, the new method delivered more impressive results than the other methods, thanks to its greater precision and a very large measurement range of 44 to 19,000 spores/L. In the milk samples from silage-free milk production, the new method detected spores in only 9 % of the samples, the filtration method in 29 % (detection level of 25 spores/L) and the MPN method in 44 % of the samples (detection level of 53 spores/L). In combining the filtration method’s advantage of specificity with the robustness of MPN methods, the new method could offer advantages not just for silo milk, but also for silo-free milk, despite its lower sensitivity.
Plants and microorganisms can perceive and respond to sound waves. In a review of the literature, Agroscope analysed various publications on this topic. The studies show that sound can lead to positive effects on physiology in the form of improved growth, development and disease resistance.
The war in Ukraine, dry spells and droughts followed by heavy rainfall and flooding are major challenges for our food systems. But the problems that they bring to light are nothing new – and solutions are already to hand.
Biogenic amines in foods represent a health risk. Researchers from Agroscope and INRAE investigated the formation of these undesirable substances in raclette cheeses by the bacterium Morganella morganii.