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Plant production

Schwärzel R., Lê C.-L., Cazelles O., Röder O., Merz U.

Pathogen elimination of potato seeds by using electrontreatment

The dressing of the epidermis of potato tubers by using accelerated electron treatment did not allow the elimination of two pathogens under latent or adhesive form found on the skin. Spore bales of powdery scab did not loose their vitality after the treatment. Inoculation of Erwinia chrysanthemi populations before electron treatment on the tubers did…

Peter B., Walter Th.

Grasshopers need ecological compensation areas

To examine the effectiveness on biodiversity of the direct payments for ecological compensation areas we rely on grasshoppers both as indicators for landscape change and as a small and singing element of biodiversity, however threatened from extinction. To compare the situation before and after the introduction of the ecological compensation areas (ECA) a repeated survey…
Plant production

Hebeisen Th., Ballmer Th., Winiger F.A†., Reust W.

New table potato varieties

In 1998 and 1999 respectively a selection of mid-early to mid-late table potato varieties have been assessed within the main trials (7 locations) throughout Switzerland. The experiments were conducted within the framework of the swisspatat working group for potato cultivars, by the two Swiss Federal Agricultural Research Stations Zurich-Reckenholz and Changins. For the varieties Victoria…

Sieber R., Eyer H.

Milk and dairy products – from birth to death

Depending on age, human beings have different needs for nutrients which can be supplied only through a varied diet. Milk and dairy products play a very important part in the human diet thanks to their composition in different nutritive elements. Among the most important elements are the proteins, linoleic acids, short chain fatty acids, sphingolipids…

Bogdanov S., Blumer P.

Natural antibiotic properties of honey

In honey there are different natural antibacterial substances, or so called inhibines. One of them, hydrogen peroxide, was thought to be the most important one. However, our studies show, that there are different non-peroxide antibacterial substances. Contrary to the peroxide inhibines, they are not sensitive towards heat , light and storage. The antibacterial effect of…

Weisskopf P., Zihlmann U., Walther U.

Influences of soil management on nitrogen dynamics in the soil solution

“Time course of mineral nitrogen content in soil is very dynamic: The combination of several processes leads to quickly succeeding situations of surplusses and shortages for plants and soil organisms. By means of so called “”mineral nitrogen-profiles”” it is possible to identify the course of events and to get a rough idea of the interdependencies…
Animal production

Vögeli P., Neuenschwander St., Pliška V.

Principles of research in natural science

Science aims at putting facts into context. Science attempts to define laws that underlie these facts and to clear its purview. Scientific work requires good techniques and methods. A real scientist is prepared to discard a hypothesis if it is in contradiction to the facts. A good scientist not only examines the results of an…
Plant production

Schubiger F.X., Lehmann J., Daccord R., Arrigo Y., Jeangros B., Scehovic J.

Comparison of laboratory methods for determining forage digestibility

Digestibility of the organic matter of forage can be estimated by different laboratory methods (in vitro): digestion with rumen fluid or with cell-free fungal cellulase, development of regression equations to predict digestibility from chemical composition. The objective of this article was to compare the in vitro digestibility of four different laboratory methods with the digestibility,…
Plant production

Schubiger F.X., Lehmann J., Daccord R., Arrigo Y., Jeangros B., Scehovic J.

Nutritive value of grassland plants: Digestibility

Digestibility of the organic matter of 10 main grassland species were compared for two years. Samples were collected in field trials during the first growth and during two to three regrowths at three locations at different altitudes. During the first growth cycle, the digestibility of the grass species and of red clover decreased, while white…

Nievergelt J.

Sulfate leaching in a crop rotation – lysimeter results from 1991 to 2000

Sulfate leaching was determined with following crops: winter wheat, spring wheat, winter oak, rape, corn, potato, sugar beet and grass-clover mixture. Under the conditions of the lysimeter experiment at Zurich-Reckenholz (1000 mm annual precipitation, 400 mm from October to March), green manure before potato, corn and sugar beet – mineral sulphur fertilization and the crop…
Plant production

Lehmann J., Rosenberg E., Briner H.-U.

Influence of the location and the management on the yield of clover-grass mixtures – Presentation of a calculation model

“The fodder quality of meadows can be estimated quite precisely owing to the AGFF-leaflet number 3 “”Bewertung von Wiesenfutter, Nährstoffgehalt und Milchleistung””. Though a similar method which could allow the calculation of the yield potential is not available, we have an extensive set of data originating from numerous experimental sites at our disposal. We therefore…
Animal production

Tschümperlin K., Erdin D., Leuenberger H., Künzi N.

Crossbreds beef x dairy breed as suckler cows

In foreign beef production herds F1-crossbred cows between beef x dairy breed are common. The goal of this investigation, carried out on the ETH research stations, was to compare different production parameters of 20 F1 crossbreed cows Angus x Holstein and 22 pure-bred Angus cows. All of the 42 animals, mated with Angus, were calving…