In the project AlpWirtschaft the application VokoAlp was developed for compiling and analyzing data and for budgetary accounting. Cost-efficiency studies for 18 typical Swiss alpine summer farming units were done for different levels (staff, farmers). Large differences in income between different alpine pasture farms were found. The larger alpine farms were more profitable with higher net incomes; both, at the level of individual farmers and of the management unit. The income generated by products (milk, cheese, butter etc.) represented approximately two-thirds of the entire income; the rest of the income came from subsidies. The more milk produced and processed per cow, the higher was the income. Simulations for two alpine pasture farms show that specializing is profitable. Using the potentials of producing and processing is very profitable. The relative competiveness of dairy production and processing in alpine pasture farms is better than in the home farms, where suckler cows, heifers or calves are kept, due to the high value added in the dairy operation in alpine summer pastures.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.