To measure the biological qualities of composts, a new set of biotests was developed and evaluated by different institutions using the same compost materials. Per institution the same eight tests with different plants were carried out. As reference a defined standard substrate was used enabling to produce comparable results even under different conditions and with different personal. It could be shown that with the most appropriate combination of tests and test plants it is possible to provide the producers and users of compost a reliable method to measure the biological qualities of composts.
Stucky T., Hochstrasser M., Meyer S., Segessemann T., Ruthes A. C., Ahrens C. H., Dahlin P., Pelludat C.
The root knot nematode (RKN) Meloidogyne incognita causes damage in field and greenhouse crops. Agroscope researchers have developed a new screening test to identify bacteria that antagonise this agricultural pest.
With CULTAN fertilisation, nitrogen is injected into the soil as an ammonium solution. Multi-year trials conducted by Agroscope show that this method reduces nitrogen leaching by an average 38% without negatively affecting yields.
Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive pests of solanaceous crops. Agroscope has developed a statistical model to study the population dynamics of the pest and its parasitoids and allows interventions to be optimally planned.